Women are a more important part of our society. However, the history of women’s struggle to be on an equal footing with their male counterparts is not very bright. From the suffrage movement of the 1980s to today, the struggle continues in one way or another. Developed countries have improved their situation while developing countries are still struggling. The incorporation of gender equality into its sustainable development goals by the United Nations reflects the need to improve the situation of women around the world. The commitment shown by developing countries to achieve this goal is commendable. However, the subjects for whom strategies are designed, laws are enacted, and actions are taken must also realize the importance of their voice and their inclusion in the system alongside their male counterparts.
The first step to empowering women and for women to make their voices heard is to participate in politics. The importance of being an active participant in the political process realizes the fact that only after being elected and after serving on the legislative body will they be in a position to make their voices heard and be able to communicate their grievances. and problems faced by women in general. Finally, shape laws that also benefit women.
Five reasons that make it difficult for women to participate in politics:
1. Cultural barriers: In most developing countries, the role of women is to be mother, sister and daughter. He was supposed to take care of the house. They are not allowed to choose the profession they want in the first instance, even if they are allowed to; the choice is limited for women.
2. Lack of education: First of all, the level of education in these countries is not up to par. Women who receive education prefer to remain safe by entering professions such as teaching, etc. Second, most women do not have the necessary knowledge about processes and women also do not have access to the experience of contributing to important policy-making problems for this reason. This makes their situation even worse.
3. Institutional barriers: include the processes and procedures that make it difficult for women to survive in the workplace. To adapt so that they can be acceptable in a particular environment in an organization, women need to transform their feminist behavior into certain male flows that isolate them in society or in the other setting create enormous pressure on them to maintain the balance between the work and life.
4. Patriarchal system: The patriarchal system permeates all fields in developing countries. Male members of his family do not allow women to select this field in the first instance. If they choose, they also have to confront the patriarchal culture in their work environment, which undermines their skills and snubs their voice.
5. Economic dependency: this is also an important reason, as the majority of women in developing countries do household chores; they rely heavily on their male members. This economic dependency not only destroys their level of trust on the one hand, it also deters them from exhibiting such intentions or desires.
These are the more or less universal reasons that hinder the participation of women in politics. To achieve the goal of gender equality and greater participation of women in politics, authorities must first understand the root causes they are responsible for in a particular contextual context. Only then will corrective action and measure work.