Today we hear a lot about the US economy approaching the so-called “fiscal cliff.” What about your personal financial affairs? Are you on the fiscal cliff as we move into 2013? Canadians are burdened with debt. On a monthly basis, we read about the increase in the debt-to-disposable income ratio which now stands at around a precarious 164%.
Although the world and many at home praise our government for its brilliant fiscal management, few are warning of unsustainable levels of personal debt. In fact, our head of the central bank, Mark Carney, accepted an appointment to a similar position at the prestigious Bank of England. Will your legacy here be that of a hero or a villain? Will history show that you kept interest rates low for too long, encouraging many people to take on debt they cannot pay?
To his credit, he, our finance minister, and the prime minister have been warning Canadians about these dangerously high levels of personal debt. However, Carney could stop the rise by raising interest rates. Higher rates will certainly slow down the current slow economic growth. Still, I think the short-term pain is better than the likely collapse in personal finances that could happen if debt remains at current levels or increases.
What can Canadians do to avoid their fiscal cliff? Let’s examine three vital steps.
- Accept that you are dangerously leveraged.
- Establish a mechanism for living with a declining debt
- Develop a new vocabulary to guide your behavior.
Accept that you are dangerously taken advantage of
You cannot solve a problem unless you recognize it. Do you think you have too much debt? Your banker may say no; however, only you can answer this. Drink a helicopter view. What are your and your family’s emotional responses to your debt? You are worried? You can not sleep? If so, you have too much debt. Certainly look at the proportions, but this is the key barometer.
The emotional cost of debt is the first and most significant. If the debt is 10% of income and it is causing problems for you or at least one of your family members, it is too much. Still, you must come to terms with reality and decide to live with it, not take on more, and start a debt-free lifestyle.
If you are a Christian, give this emotional stress to Jesus (Matthew 11:28).
Establish a mechanism for living with decreasing debt
People are impatient. We live in a now society. Unfortunately, you probably went into debt for a long period, and you are likely to go out for a long period. Accept this fact and learn to live with it.
Develop a strategy for living in debt. Look how you got there; write principles to avoid repetition; and then write a financial plan, alone or with help. The plan should show concisely how, by following its principles, you could be debt free at a specific time.
If you got into debt on impulse spending, you could develop the principle of never buying without a list and a budget. Also, when you feel like you need to spend, you may want to wait 24 to 48 hours, during which time you would talk to your responsible spouse or partner.
You will need to find what might work for you, decide if you need help, and try to get it.
Prepare a debt meter and put it on your refrigerator. On a monthly basis, as you pay off debt, adjust the debt meter.
Develop a new vocabulary to guide your behavior.
This sounds easy, it’s simple, and when you get it, it will be your most effective debt management “tool”. What you create will decide how you will behave. If you think emergencies happen and cause you to spend erratically, you won’t change your behavior. However, if you believe that most “budget emergencies” aside from time can be planned and should be planned by setting aside funds regularly to meet them, you will plan accordingly.
Your car will need repairs. You will need new tires. Your oven will turn on and so on. The problem here is time. You don’t know when these potential budget busters will happen. Even so, you know they will happen, so create a capital fund, an emergency fund, an emergency fund, or some other means of saving for these predictable events. If you accept this fact about emergencies and understand that to get there you must sacrifice today’s consumption, this is the beginning of your great victory over debt.
Another key change in vocabulary is accepting that you can’t manage money, you can only manage your behavior: switch from money management to lifestyle management.
As you enter 2013, look at your finances. You will know if you are on the fiscal cliff. Rest assured that you do not need more money to spend, you must first accept where you are. Next, establish a mechanism to live where you are while you work to pay off your debts. Then, examine your vocabulary, your beliefs and adjust them to reality.
I pray that you will steer clear of easy, seductive credit and begin to steer clear of debt.
(c) Copyright 2012, Michel A. Bell